Game and bird hunting is legal in Tanzania, and during the hunting season, which runs from July to December of each year, hunters from around the world arrive to embark on private guided expeditions into the African bush. Hunting safaris take visitors to some of the most remote parts of the country on a private basis, and guests often return with a variety of antelope and buffalo species, and sometimes the occasional lion or leopard. Hunting safaris last anywhere between a week to a few months, with guests and their guide setting up camp in a specific hunting block and exploring the entire area over a set period of time. Camps are well equipped with comforts like hot showers, flushing toilets, and walk-in furnished tents.
During a hunting safari, the client and his guide have the entire area of the designated hunting block to themselves, affording the visitor an ideal opportunity to experience the wilds of the African bush without the distractions of other guests. Game viewing and tracking takes up a large amount of the day, with the hunters often rising at dawn, returning to camp for breakfast or lunch, then setting off again in the afternoon until sundown. Although game hunting is on the top of most hunters’ lists, bird hunting is becoming increasingly popular around seasonal rivers and dams. Guinea fowl, sand grouse, franklin, and some geese and duck species are plentiful throughout the country.
Hunting companies are required to ensure that their commercial activities do not deplete the natural wealth of the country’s wildlife population, and many groups sponsor community wildlife projects that educate local villagers about the environment and help to improve educational and medical services. Hunting company initiatives have included anti-poaching education and patrols, clinic and school building, and community education efforts about wildlife preservation and coexistence.